Neurofeedback therapy is used to train the brain to function more efficiently. Formerly known as electroencephalographic (EEG) feedback, it has a direct effect on electrical brain activity. It is essentially biofeedback applied directly to the brain. Specifically, feedback on specific brain waves is used to determine whether they are functioning harmoniously or there is a dysfunction. Therefore, neurofeedback is often referred to as EEG biofeedback.
Neurofeedback is non-invasive. In fact, it’s often highly relaxing and pleasant for clients.
What Is Biofeedback Therapy Used for?
Neurofeedback addresses the anxiety-depression spectrum, PTSD, unprocessed trauma, attention deficits, behavior disorders, various sleep disorders, headaches and migraines, PMS, motion sickness, and emotional disturbances. It is also useful for organic brain conditions such as seizures, the autism spectrum, and cerebral palsy.
Biofeedback therapy may be used to relieve stress and anxiety. In some cases, athletes and business executives apply it to reach their full mental potential. From birth to adolescence, to adulthood and old age, EEG neurofeedback may be used to train the brain to function more efficiently. Typically, improved regulation of brain function is the goal rather than a cure.
The Neurofeedback Therapy Process
By applying electrodes to the scalp, a neurofeedback practitioner (psychologist, counselor, or nurse) can track brainwave activity. The clinician uses a computer to process brain waves (i.e., alpha, beta, or theta waves), their amplitude, or how well they work together. The brain can be mapped through Quantitative EEG to identify specific areas of dysfunction, or neurofeedback can be used to compare one’s brain to others of the same age and/or gender.
During neurofeedback therapy sessions, brainwave activity is “shaped” toward more desirable, more regulated performance. The target frequencies and specific locations on the scalp are specific to the conditions that are being addressed. For example, neurofeedback treatment for ADHD may target frontal brain areas to increase beta waves/reduce theta waves to boost arousal and reduce attention deficit symptoms. Neurofeedback for anxiety and depression likewise targets areas of the brain involved in mood and responding to stimuli.
In any case, the goal is to enhance self-regulation, which promotes better function of the central nervous system.
To learn more, go to https://www.eeginfo.com/what-is-neurofeedback.jsp.